شناسایی مؤلفه‏ های توسعه خوشه کسب و کارهای فراوری محصولات باغی در استان کرمانشاه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

یکی از راهکارهای توسعه پایدار بخش کشاورزی، همکاری‏های بین بنگاهی در قالب خوشه است که در سالیان اخیر مورد توجه جوامع علمی دنیا قرار گرفته است. هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی مؤلفه‏های توسعه خوشه کسب و کارهای فراوری محصولات باغی در استان کرمانشاه بود. پارادایم تحقیق، کیفی – کمی از نوع متوالی اکتشافی بود. روش تحقیق مورد استفاده در بخش کیفی نظریه داده بنیان و در بخش کمی تحلیل سلسله مراتبی بود. جامعه مورد مطالعه شامل کارشناسان سازمان صنایع کوچک و شهرک‏های صنعتی و سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان کرمانشاه بود. جمع‏آوری داده‏ها تا زمان رسیدن به اشباع نظری داده‏ها ادامه یافت. نتایج گویای این بود که 65 مفهوم از کدگذاری باز استخراج شد، این مفاهیم در قالب 18 خرده طبقه و 4 طبقه‏ شرایط ایجاد خوشه، زمینه‏های توسعه خوشه‏ها، عوامل مداخله‏گر و استراتژی‏های مؤثر بر توسعه خوشه‏ها طبقه‏بندی شدند. به­منظور اولویت‏بندی مؤلفه‏های طبقه‏ها، از تحلیل سلسله مراتبی استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که، در طبقه‏های ایجاد شده، مؤلفه‏های اعتماد، دسترسی به نیروی انسانی، عامل توسعه خوشه و حمایت دولت و نهادهای پشتیبان، در اولویت اول قرار گرفته‏اند. نتایج این پژوهش می‏تواند مورد استفاده برنامه‏ریزان توسعه روستایی، کارشناسان سازمان جهاد کشاورزی، صنایع کوچک و شهرک‏های صنعتی قرار گیرد.

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