نقش سرمایه اجتماعی بر کیفیت زندگی کشاورزان شهرستان دیواندره

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی موسسه آموزش عالی علمی کاربردی وزارت جهاد کشاورزی

2 دانشگاه زابل

3 دانشکده کشاورزی

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش سرمایه اجتماعی بر کیفیت زندگی کشاورزان انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش کلیة کشاورزان شهرستان دیواندره بود (7931N=). حجم نمونه با استفاده از نمونه‏گیری کوکران  158 نفر به دست آمد که برای افزایش اعتبار نتایج تحقیق 180 پرسشنامه در میان جامعه آماری توزیع گردید که 174 پرسشنامه توسط آنان تکمیل و عودت داده شد. روش نمونه‏گیری به صورت تصادفی طبقه‏ای با انتساب متناسب بود. ابزار اصلی پژوهش پرسشنامه‏ای بود که گروهی از کارشناسان روایی آن را تایید کردند و برای تعیین پایای آن ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه گردید برای مقیاس‏های سرمایه اجتماعی و کیفیت محیط زندگی به ترتیب α=0.78 و α=0.83 به­دست آمد. تحلیل داده‏ها به‏وسیله‏ی نرم‏افزار SPSSwin18 انجام شد. یافته‏ها نشان داد که سطح سرمایه اجتماعی و کیفیت زندگی در بین کشاورزان مورد مطالعه «سطح پایینی» قرار دارد. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که بین مولفه‏‏های سرمایه‏ اجتماعی، یعنی: همیاری و مشارکت داوطلبانه، هویت‏ گروهی، تعاون و همکاری متقابل، ارتباطات و حسن تفاهم، اعتماد، انسجام و همبستگی گروهی و شبکه‏ها و هنجارهای مشترک با کیفیت زندگی رابطه‏ی مثبت و معنا‏داری وجود دارد. علاوه بر این، نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که چهار متغیر تعاون و همکاری متقابل، همیاری و مشارکت داوطلبانه، اعتماد  و انسجام و همبستگی گروهی می‏توانند تا 4/52 درصد از واریانس متغیر وابستة تحقیق (کیفیت زندگی) خانوار را تبیین کنند. 

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