تحلیل ساختاری چندگانه رابطه بین کلیشه‌ها، صلاحیت‌ها و انگیزه‌های اکتساب نقش رهبری توسط مروجان کشاورزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 استادیار گروه کشاورزی دانشگاه پیام نور تهران

3 دانشیار ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

این تحقیق با دو هدف اصلی شامل تحلیل ساختاری کلیشه­های رهبری، صلاحیت­های رهبری، انگیزه‌های اکتساب نقش رهبری و بررسی نقش مداخله­گر جنسیت بر روابط بین این متغیرها انجام گرفت. این تحقیق با استفاده از نظرهای 303 مروج سازمان­های جهاد کشاورزی استان­های تهران، کرمانشاه و خراسان رضوی با روش پیمایشی با به‌کارگیری پرسشنامة ساختاریافته انجام گرفت. اطلاعات جمع‌آوری‌شده با استفاده از تکنیک چندمتغیرة مدل­سازی معادله‌های ساختاری تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد کلیشه­های رهبری و صلاحیت­های رهبری اثر معنی­داری بر انگیزه­های اکتساب نقش رهبری مروجان دارند، درحالی‌که ارتباط معنی­داری بین کلیشه­های رهبری و انگیزه­های اکتساب نقش رهبری وجود نداشت. همچنین، نتایج بیانگر آن بود که متغیر جنسیت دارای نقش مداخله­گر در ارتباط بین کلیشه­های رهبری با صلاحیت­های رهبری و انگیزه­های اکتساب نقش رهبری است. درواقع، براساس نتایج می­توان بیان کرد کلیشه­های رهبری، مردان را در توسعة صلاحیت­های رهبری و ارتقای انگیزه­های اکتساب نقش رهبری یاری می­کنند، درحالی‌که این ارتباط برای زنان منفی بود. هرچند ممکن است فشار کلیشه‌های فکری از بین نرود و تغییر آن‌ها امری زمانبر و نیازمند مذاکرات پایدار باشد، این مطالعه پیشنهاد می‌دهد ارائة برنامه­های آموزشی مرتبط برای اصلاح این کلیشه­های رهبری، راهکاری برای شروع فعالیت است.

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