Development and validation of environmental education system in the agricultural sector

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Management Development, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Imam Khomeini Higher Education Center, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran


The main purpose of this research is to provide a model of an optimal education system in the agricultural sector with a responsible approach to environmental protection by analyzing, identifying and determining its components. The research is an applied type that begins with a mixed exploratory view. In the qualitative stage, with the method of non-probabilistic purposive chain sampling, 30 experts were selected and semi-structured interviews were conducted. In the quantity section, the components of the model were described and tested. Sample size was considered by the size of the statistical population (200 people) and the purpose of the study, ans 127 people were selected. In order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the scales, factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha test and other required statistics were used. Specific research output were: Identifying and determining the components and the extent of their impact on the desired education system, and providing a model for it.


1-Aaron,J., Mark Forbush, R. & Bud McKendree, (2018). Sustainable Water Management within Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Education, Journal of Agricultural Education 166 - 59.
2-Abdolmaleki,M.(2004). Evaluating the effectiveness of training courses for promoting rangers in rangeland protection (Case study of Tuyserkan city), M.Sc. Thesis. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares university. (In farsi).
3-Falsafi, P., Nazari, Z. (2019). Educational Development Strategies of National Agricultural innovation System, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center of kohkilouyeh and Boyerahmad Province, Iran. Agricultural Education Management Research quarterly, 10(46). (In farsi).
4-Ghanian, M., Pourjavid, S.( 2019). Analysis the Factors Affecting Farmers' Attitudes Toward organic Farming (The case of Islamabad city), Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and development Research, 50-2(2), 265 -280. (In farsi).
5-Goldstein, I. L., & Ford, J. K. (2002). Training in organizations: Needs assessment, development, and evaluation (4th ed.). Belmont, CA, US: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
6-IUCN, The World conservation union,( 2002). Education and Sustainability Responding to the global Challenge, Editors: Tilbury. D, Stevenson. R.B, Fien. J, Schreuder.D,Published by:IUCN,
7-Kanaani, A., Ahmadvand, M. (2020). Explaining Environmental Behavior Of Wheat Farmers: Application Of Value-Belief-Norm Theory: Journal of Environmental Education and Sustainable development . 7( 3) , 35 – 46.(In farsi).
8-Karami Dehkari, I. (2009). Important Challenges of Agriculture and Natural Resources and the new Mission of Promoting and Applied Education in Sustainable Management of These challenges, National Conference on Entrepreneurship Development in Applied Agricultural science Education, Mashhad, Agricultural Jahad Higher Education Institute. (In farsi).
9-Karimi, K., Movahedi, R. (2020). Analyzing Farmer’ s Environmental Behavior and its affecting Factors in Qorveh County. Journal of Environmental Education and Sustainable development.8(2),152-137. (In farsi).
10-Khalili, S; Soltaninejad, H; Tavakoli Nia, J.( 2019). Evaluating the Ecological Capability of agriculture in Estahban County, Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development research,50-2, (2), 367- 381.(In farsi).
11-Khodaverdian, M. (2014). Designing a Model for Organic Agriculture Development and extension from the Perspective of Managers of Iranian Agricultural Technical and Engineering consulting Services Cooperatives, Ph.D. dissertation, , Islamic Azad University, Iran. (In farsi).
12-Khorshid Doost, A.( 2012). Environmental Education in the 21st Century, Golha Publications.(In farsi).
13-Lushchyk, Y .(2020). Theoretical issues of training future agrarians in higher education ( in ukraine).
14-Mahmoudi, H., Veisi, H. (2006). An Environmental Extension and Education Approach to primary Environmental Care, Quarterly Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(8), 57-64.. (In farsi).
15-Metcalf, a. (2012). Green culture: the impact of empoloyee environmental culture. Southeast decision sciences institute conference, Hilton Colombia center Columbia, South Carolina.
16-Moayedi, M; Keshavarz, M. (2017). Challenges of Agricultural Extension Systems in adaptation to Climate Change: The Perception of Fars Agricultural Specialists. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 2(47), 453-466. (In farsi).
17-Monfared, n., Fatemi, M., Rezaei Moghadam, K., Farimani, Sh., Bayat, P.& Khalafloo, M. (2020). need Assessment of the Skill Training Sessions of Organic Farming for the Farmers of Bushehr Province. Agricultural Education Management Research Quarterly, 11(51),83 – 108 . (In farsi).
18-Nazari, S.& Shabanali,F. (2010). Major Challenges of Agricultural Education to Achieve sustainable Rural Development, 3rd Congress of Agricultural Extension and Education sciences, Mashhad, Iranian Agricultural Extension and Education Association. (In farsi).
19-Nicole, M.& Alison, W. (2019). Environmental education outcomes for conservation: A systematic review. Journal homepage, from http://
20-Palmer, j.a (1998). Environmental education of the 21st century: theory, practice, progress and promise, 267- 277. London: routledge.
21-Parvin, E., Ghiasi, N. & Mohammadi,S. ( 2014). The Relationship between Quality of higher Education Output and Sustainable Development based on a Systemic Approach and development of a Conceptual Model. Journal of Leadership Research and Education management, 1 (1), 97 – 262.(In farsi).
22-Ramezani, M. (2012).Strategic study of environmental protection education in Iran: Necessities and bottlenecks. Strategy Quarterly, 21( 65),233 – 257.(In farsi).
23-Robinson,j.(2013).environmental education and sustainable development in nigera: breaking the missing Roczen,n. Kaiser,f.g.(2013). A competence model for environmental education.
24-Sanaye golduz, S.(2005).The need for education and providing educational solutions to optimize and promote the environmental culture of society. Quarterly Journal of Environmental science and Engineering No. 41, 70-80 (In farsi).
25-Shobeyri, S., Abdollahi, S. (2010). Theories and applications of environmental education, tehran, Payame Noor University.Iran.(In farsi).
26-Shobeyri, S., Meboudi, H.& Saradipour,  A.( 2013). Environmental Education, An Approach to institutionalizing Environmental Culture, The First National Conference on Environmental Protection and Planning, Hamedan. .(In farsi).
27-Shobeyri, SM., Haghighi, F. (2016), Special Teaching Methods for Environmental education.Payame Noor University .Iran. (In farsi).
28-Shojaat Al-Hosseini, S.(2015). The Role of Farmers' Education in Achieving Sustainable development, Natanz Case Study, 5th Iranian Congress of Agricultural Extension and education and Natural Resources and the First International Conference on Rural Consulting services in Asia and the Pacific, Zanjan University. (In farsi).
29-Shutaleva ,A.,  Nikonova, Z.,  Savchenko, I.& Martyushev, N.(2020). Environmental Education for sustainable Development in Russia. , from http://
30-Siebrecht,N.(2020). Sustainable Agriculture and Its Implementation GapvercomingObstacles to Implementation. Sustainability doi:10.3390/su120 from http://
31-Vahedi, M., Hajiani, Sh.& Arayesh, M. (2021). Educational Need of Farmers of Dashti Township in Production of Organic Tomato. Agricultural Education Management Research Quarterly, 12(52), 138-156. (In farsi).
32-Yazdanpanah, M; Rahimi, F. (2020). Reasons for the Failure of Agricultural Extension Using grounded Theory (Case Study: Lorestan Agricultural Jihad). Iranian Journal of Agricultural economics and Development Research50-2 (3), 549-575. (In farsi (