تبیین مدل مفهومی شاخص‌های تاثیرگذار بر اولویت‌بندی محصولات کشاورزی برای ورود به الگوی کشت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سازه‌های آبی، گروه مهندسی آبیاری و آبادانی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استاد، گروه مهندسی آبیاری و آبادانی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استاد، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

کشاورزی یکی از بخش‌های اساسی تولیدی در هر کشور محسوب می‌شود. افزایش رشد و کارایی این بخش، مستلزم ﺗﺪوﯾﻦ اﻟﮕﻮی ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ، دﻗﯿﻖ و واﻗﻊﺑﯿﻨﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺸﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻت ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس اﻫﺪاف و ﻣﻌﯿﺎرﻫﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ در راﺳﺘﺎی ﺗﺄﻣﯿﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﮐﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪی ذیﻧﻔﻊ ﮐﺸﺎورزی در ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪت اﺳﺖ. هدف از انجام این پژوهش، شناسایی و رتبه‌بندی شاخص‌های تاثیرگذار بر اولویت‌بندی محصولات کشاورزی به منظور انتخاب در الگوی کشت، با استفاده از روش پژوهش ترکیبی تحلیل عامل اکتشافی و فرآیند تحلیل شبکه‌ای بود. در راستای دستیابی به اهداف پژوهش، ابتدا با بررسی پیشینه تحقیق، شاخص‌های اولویت‌بندی محصولات کشاورزی استخراج و سپس، با استفاده از روش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS 25، این شاخص‌ها دسته‌بندی شد و مدل مفهومی عوامل و شاخص‌های تاثیرگذار بر اولویت‌بندی محصولات کشاورزی ساخته شد. ‌در مرحله بعد، با استفاده از روش فرآیند تحلیل شبکه، به رتبه‌بندی شاخص‌ها پرداخته شد. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، شاخص‌ها تحت شش عامل فرهنگی و اجتماعی، سیاسی، ملاحظات پدافند غیر‌عامل، آب، تاثیرات زیست محیطی و اقتصاد، دسته‌بندی شدند. همچنین، شاخص‌های "هزینه داخلی منابع محصول" با وزن 2277/0، "فرهنگ پذیرش" با وزن 1468/0، "ریسک‌پذیری کشاورز برای پذیرش کشت جدید" با وزن 1160/0 و "نیاز آبیاری محصول" با وزن 0754/0، مهمترین شاخص‌ها در فرآیند سنجش اولویت‌بندی محصولات کشاورزی ارزیابی شدند. مدل مفهومی ارایه شده این تحقیق می‌تواند به انتخاب محصولات برتر برای کشت، کمک کرده و امکان تعیین الگوی کشت بهینه را فراهم ‌آورد.

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