بررسی نقش منابع آب بر توسعه سکونتگاه‌های روستایی (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان ساری)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گرایش آبیاری و زهکشی، رشته مهندسی آب، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

چکیده

منابع آب سطحی و زیرزمینی یکی از مسایل مهم در توسعه جوامع روستایی به­شمار می‌روند. زیرا در این مناطق، منابع آب در توسعه اقتصادی و به‌ویژه فعالیت‌های کشاورزی تأثیر بسزایی دارد. در این بین، فن سنجش از دور و سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی در تهیه نقشه‌های گسترده و به‌هنگام تغییرات کاربری اراضی مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش وضعیت منابع آب و چالش‌های مربوط به آن در روند تغییرات محدوده سکونتگاه‌های روستایی در شهرستان ساری انجام شده است. در این پژوهش، از تصاویر ماهواره لندست 8 در سال‌های 1393، 1396 و 1398 استفاده شد و پس از انجام تصحیحات اتمسفریک، نقشه کاربری اراضی برای هر یک از سال‌ها به­دست آمد. با توجه به نقشه کاربری اراضی در سال‌های 1393، 1396 و 1398 ،کاربری کشاورزی/روستایی در محدوده شهرستان ساری به­ترتیب مساحتی برابر 25/306، 83/290 و 38/300 کیلومترمربع داشتند. همچنین، یافته‌ها نشان داد که با تغییرات منابع آب سطحی و زیرزمینی در سال‌های منتخب و کاهش در میزان این منابع، مساحت تحت پوشش کاربری کشاورزی/روستایی هم کاهش یافته‌اند. بنابراین، ضرورت وابستگی کمتر کشاورزان و روستاییان به منابع آبی با ایجاد و توسعه زیرساخت‌های مرتبط با دیگر فعالیت‌های کشاورزی مثل گردشگری روستایی و کشاورزی با وابستگی کم به منابع آبی پیشنهاد شده است.

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