اولویت‌بندی کاربردهای اینترنت‌اشیاء در کشاورزی با استفاده از شاخص‌های توسعۀ پایدار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانش‌آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

بخش کشاورزی با مشکلات متعددی برای تأمین غذای 9.6 میلیارد نفر مواجه است که طبق پیش‌بینی‌های فائو  در سال 2050 ساکن این سیّاره خواهند بود. تولید محصولات غذایی می‌بایست در سال 2050 به مقدار 70 درصد افزایش یابد. ظهور اینترنت‌اشیاء که یکی از فناوری­های دیجیتال نوظهور محسوب می‌شود، منجر به ایجاد مسیر جدیدی از تحقیقات ابتکاری در حوزۀ کشاورزی شده است. بنابراین، در این پژوهش به شناسایی کاربردهای نوآورانه فناوری اینترنت‌اشیاء در کشاورزی پرداخته شده است. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر نحوۀ گردآوری داده‌ها از نوع پژوهش‌های کیفی به­شمار می‌رود. برای شناسایی کاربردهای اینترنت‌اشیاء در کشاورزی به کمک روش فراترکیب، ابتدا 480 مقاله بررسی شده که از این بین، 168 مقاله برای تجزیه و تحلیل نهایی مورد استفاده قرار گرفته‌ شده است، سپس، کلیه کاربردهای اینترنت‌اشیاء در کشاورزی در هشت حوزۀ کشاورزی شامل زراعت، گلخانه، کشاورزی شهری، باغات، پرورش دام و طیور، پرورش ماهی و آبزیان، جنگل‌داری و شبکۀ توزیع و تأمین دسته‌بندی شدند. در نهایت، با استفاده از روش تاپسیس فازی و بر اساس شاخص‌های توسعۀ پایدار به­ترتیب گلخانۀ هوشمند، شبکۀ تأمین‌وتوزیع هوشمند، پرورش هوشمند دام و طیور، باغداری هوشمند، پرورش هوشمند ماهی و آبزیان، زراعت هوشمند، جنگل‌داری هوشمند و کشاورزی شهری هوشمند اولویت‌بندی شدند.

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