مدل‌یابی بهینه به‌کارگیری فناوری‌های نوین حفاظت آب در میان کشاورزان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران

2 دکتری ترویج کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طییعی-دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار به­کارگیری فناوری‌های نوین حفاظت آب در میان کشاورزان شهرستان ساری با اقتباس از مدل دیویس بود. جامعه آماری 30788 نفر از کشاورزان شهرستان ساری در چهار دهستان بودند که با نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای تصادفی220 نفر به­عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه‌ای‌ بود که روایی (صوری و محتوایی) توسط متخصصان و روایی تشخیصی با استفاده از شاخص میانگین واریانس استخراج شده تأیید شد. پایایی پرسشنامه به­وسیله آلفای کرونباخ و پایایی ترکیبی تأیید شد. برای تبیین مدل تحلیل مسیر بهینه از روش­ مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری با نرم افزار لیزرل نسخه 8.80 استفاده شد. مطابق یافته‌ها، رفتار حفاظت آب در 9/40 درصد از کشاورزان نسبتاً پایین گزارش شد. در مدل بهینه به­کارگیری فناوری‌های نوین حفاظت آب در میان کشاورزان، ابعاد مختلف نگرش به­طور مستقیم 82 درصد از واریانس میزان تمایل به رفتار حفاظت آب را نشان دادند. همچنین، حدود 58 درصد از واریانس رفتار حفاظت آب در کشاورزان با سطح تمایل به رفتار تبیین شد. و ادراکات کشاورزان نسبت به فناوری (درک از سودمندی و درک از سهولت استفاده)، 91 درصد از واریانس نگرش، 75 درصد از واریانس تمایل به رفتار و 52 درصد از واریانس رفتار حفاظت آب را تبیین نمودند.

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