تحلیل اقتصادی کارایی تولید گندم در کرمانشاه (مطالعه موردی: محدوده روانسر-سنجابی)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه سید‌جمال‌الدین اسدآبادی، اسدآباد، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت استراتژیک تولید گندم در کشور، به­کارگیری بهینه نهاده‌ها و برنامه‌ریزی در جهت افزایش کارایی تولید آن ضروری است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی و تحلیل انواع کارایی فنی، تخصیصی، اقتصادی، درآمد و سودآوری کشاورزان گندمکار محدوده مطالعاتی روانسر-سنجابی کرمانشاه با استفاده از روش تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها (DEA) صورت گرفته و اطلاعات مورد نیاز به روش طبقه‌بندی تصادفی و تکمیل 100 پرسشنامه در سال زراعی 97-1396 جمع‌آوری شده است. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که متوسط کارایی فنی، مدیریتی، مقیاس، تخصیصی، اقتصادی، درآمد و سودآوری به‌ترتیب 2/70، 5/74، 4/94، 90، 2/67 ، 5/73 و 9/26 درصد و بیانگر عدم موفقیت کشاورزان محدوده در تولید اقتصادی گندم و سودآوری بوده است. همچنین، 74 درصد کشاورزان مورد بررسی در بازده افزایشی، 18 درصد در بازده کاهشی و تنها 8 درصد در بازده بهینه نسبت به مقیاس فعالیت می‌کنند که پیشنهاد افزایش مقیاس تولید در جهت افزایش کارایی منطقی به‌نظر می‌رسد. لذا، به دولت و مسئولان ذی‌ربط پیشنهاد می‌شود زمینه‌ ارتباط کشاورزان موفق و انتقال تجربیات و روش‌های مورد استفاده آنان به سایرین را فراهم و با ارائه خدمات ترویجی و انتقال جدیدترین یافته‌های مراکز تحقیقاتی در زمینه استفاده بهینه از نهاده‌ها، کشاورزان را یاری کنند.

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