موانع استقرار فناوری‌های عملیات مناسب کشاورزی در راستای پایداری باغات مرکبات استان مازندران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکتری، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی موانع عمده پذیرش و به­کارگیری فناوری­های GAP در راستای پایداری باغات مرکبات استان مازندران بود. پژوهش از نوع کاربردی و جامعه آماری آن شامل 122361 باغداران مرکبات در روستاهای مربوط به 12شهرستان استان مازندران بود. حجم نمونه بر اساس فرمول کوکران به تعداد 290 نفر تعیین گردید و نمونه‌گیری به روش طبقه‌ای تصادفی با انتساب متناسب انجام شد. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ای بوده که روایی (صوری و محتوایی) آن بر اساس نظر جمعی از کارشناسان کشاورزی پایدار، اعضای هیأت علمی گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی و مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران تأیید گردید و پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ (بالاتر از 7/0) تأیید شد. با توجه به نتایج تحلیل عاملی پنج عامل موانع اطلاعاتی- مهارتی، موانع زیرساختی- نهادی، موانع حمایتی- اقتصادی، موانع روانشناختی، موانع مدیریتی- نظارتی مهمترین موانع بکارگیری فناوری­های GAP در راستای پایداری باغات مرکبات بودند. پنج عامل مذکور توانسته­اند 27/68 درصد از کل واریانس متغیرها را تبیین نمایند. 

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