تبیین عوامل روانشناختی مؤثر بر توانمندی زنان روستایی (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان لیکک)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعۀ روستایی، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

توانمندی زنان بر اساس برابری در همه حوزه­های اقتصادی و اجتماعی شالوده اصلی دستیابی به توسعه محسوب می­شود. هدف این مطالعه، تبیین عوامل روانشناختی مؤثر بر توانمندی زنان روستایی بود. جامعه هدف مطالعه، زنان روستایی 15 تا 64 ساله­ی شهرستان لیکک از توابع استان کهگلویه و بویراحمد با جمعیت حدودا 1300 نفر بود که بر اساس جدول مورگان، نمونه مورد نظر به حجم 300 نفر تعیین و با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی انتخاب گردید. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه محقق­ساخته استفاده شد. روایی صوری آن توسط چند تن از متخصصان ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی و پایایی آن از طریق ضریب آلفا کرونباخ مورد تایید قرار گرفت (88/65-0/0). نتایج حاصل از تحلیل مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد، متغیر استریوتایپ به­صورت مستقیم و منفی و متغیرهای عزت نفس و انگیزه­ی پیشرفت به­صورت مستقیم و مثبت توانمندی زنان را تحت تاثیر قرار داده­اند. 

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