تأثیر بریکولاژ بر کارآفرینی سازمانی: با تبیین نقش میانجی شناسایی فرصت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در ادبیات کارآفرینی، اهمیت بریکولاژ در توانایی غلبه بر محدودیت منابع و به­موجب آن، خلق بازار و رشد شرکت‌های نوپا مفهوم‌سازی شده است. به این ترتیب، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر بریکولاژ بر کارآفرینی سازمانی با نقش میانجی شناسایی فرصت در شرکت‌های فعال در عرصه خدمات مشاوره‌ای فنی مهندسی کشاورزی صورت گرفت. جامعه آماری شامل کلیۀ مدیران شرکت‌های خدمات مشاوره‌ای فنی مهندسی کشاورزی استان مرکزی به تعداد 130 نفر بود و حجم نمونه بر اساس فرمول کوکران تعداد 97 تن تعیین شد که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه استاندارد صورت گرفت که از روایی و پایایی لازم برخوردار بود. در این پژوهش از روایی ظاهری (مراجعه به 6 تن از اساتید و خبرگان در حوزه کارآفرینی) استفاده شد و پایایی از طریق روش پایایی ترکیبی و آلفای کرونباخ مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. به­منظور تحلیل داده‌ها از روش مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری و نرم‌افزار‌های SPSS و Smart PLS2  استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن بود که بریکولاژ بر کارآفرینی سازمانی به­طور مستقیم تأثیر مثبت دارد. همچنین بریکولاژ بر کارآفرینی سازمانی به­طور غیرمستقیم از طریق متغیر میانجی شناسایی فرصت تأثیر مثبت دارد.

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