مدل‌یابی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار اخلاقی زیست‌محیطی روستاییان با تأکید بر نظریه ارزش-عقیده-هنجار (مورد مطالعه: دهستان‌های علیشروان و میش‌خاص در بخش سیوان از توابع شهرستان ایلام)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه کشاورزی رامین خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، خوزستان، ایران

چکیده

بروز مشکلات زیست­محیطی و روند رو­به افزایش آن تبدیل به نگرانی اصلی سازمان­های بین­المللی و اندیشمندان این حوزه شده است. از آن­جا که رفتار انسان عامل اصلی شکل­گیری مخاطرات زیست­محیطی است؛ در سال­های اخیر نوع برخورد و رفتار انسان با محیط­زیست در کانون توجه مجامع بین­المللی قرار گرفته است. به همین دلیل، هدف این تحقیق مدل­یابی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار اخلاقی زیست ­محیطی روستاییان بر مبنای نظریه ارزش-عقیده-هنجار در نظر گرفته شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش تمامی سرپرستان خانوار در دهستان­های علیشروان و میش­خاص از بخش سیوان در شهرستان ایلام بودند. با استفاده از فرمول کوکران حجم نمونه 332 نفر تعیین شد که در نهایت، 335 پرسشنامه به شیوه نمونه­گیری طبقه­ای تناسبی گردآوری و تحلیل شد. پژوهش به شیوه پیمایش و با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه صورت پذیرفت. روایی پرسشنامه با نظرسنجی از متخصصان و پایایی آن از طریق آزمون آلفای کرونباخ تأیید شد. به­منظور آزمون مدل ساختاری ارایه شده در چارچوب نظری پژوهش از تکنیک تحلیل مسیر به روش حداکثر درست­نمایی به­وسیله نرم­افزار AMOS (V 20) استفاده شد. نتایج مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری، نشان از برازش مطلوب مدل ساختاری پژوهش داشت و در مجموع، متغیر­های پژوهش 72 درصد از واریانس رفتار اخلاقی زیست محیطی روستاییان را تبیین نمودند.

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