شناسایی معیارها و سنجش سطح توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار در بین قطب‌های گردشگری استان لرستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته ی کارشناسی ارشد گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش پیمایشی - توصیفی حاضر شناسایی و وزن‏دهی معیارهای سنجش توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار و سنجش سطح توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار در بین قطب‌های گردشگری استان لرستان بود. معیارها از طریق مرور مطالعات پیشین استخراج و وزن‏دهی معیارها با تحلیل AHP انجام شد. جامعه آماری شامل 31 نفر از کارشناسان متخصص گردشگری مرکز استان و شهرستان‏ها بودند که همه‏ی آنها به روش سرشماری انتخاب و اطلاعات مورد نیاز در خصوص وزن‏دهی معیارها و تعیین 7 منطقه مستعد اکوتوریستی اخذ شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‏ها با نرم‏افزار Expert Choice و Excel انجام شد. طبق نتایج، هفت معیار سنجش توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار به ترتیب اهمیت عبارت بودند از: امنیت گردشگران (با وزن نسبی 255/0)، وضعیت طبیعی (169/0)، جذابیت تفرجی (163/0)، پذیرش اجتماعی و مشارکت مردم محلی (133/0)، وجود زیرساخت‏های گردشگری (110/0)، حمایت‏های دولتی از منطقه (087/0) ایجاد فرصت‏های اقتصادی برای منطقه (083/0). همچنین بر اساس مجموع معیارها مستعدترین مناطق جهت توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار در استان لرستان به ترتیب عبارت از دریاچه گهر، آبشار بیشه، آبشار آب سفید، آبشار نوژیان، آبشار گریت، آبشار وارک و تنگه شیرز بودند. اگرچه دریاچه گهر و آبشار بیشه به ترتیب بالاترین میانگین را از نظر وجود معیارها به خود اختصاص داده‏اند، ولی مناطق دیگر نیز قابلیت‏هایی دارند که با  حمایت دولت و بخش خصوصی می‏توان نسبت به برطرف کردن ضعف‏های آن‏ها، برای توسعه اکوتوریسم پایدار در آن‏ها برنامه‏ریزی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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