رابطه‌ی بین خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه و نیّت کارآفرینی دانشجویان کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف این مطالعه بررسی رابطه‌ی بین خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه و نیّت کارآفرینی دانشجویان کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس بود. جامعه‌ی آماری تحقیق را دانشجویان کارشناسی‌ارشد دانشکده‌ی کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس تشکیل می‌دادند (420=N) که 124 نفر از آنان با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS Sample Power و روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسش‌نامه استفاده شد. روایی پرسش‌نامه با استفاده از نظرات کارشناسان و قابلیت اعتماد آن از طریق آلفای ترتیبی (89/0 و 95/0) تائید شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه و نیّت کارآفرینی اکثر دانشجویان متوسط به بالا بود. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد بین خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه و نیّت کارآفرینی دانشجویان در سطح یک درصد رابطه‌ی مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد. یافته‌ها همچنین نشان داد بین مولفه‌های خودکارآمدی کارآفرینانه، یعنی ایجاد فرصت‌های جدید، کنار آمدن با چالش‌های غیرمنتظره، توسعه منابع انسانی، ایجاد محیط نوآور، برقراری ارتباط با سرمایه‌گذار و تعیین هدف با نیّت کارآفرینی دانشجویان در سطح یک درصد رابطه‌ی مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد. رگرسیون چندگانه نیز نشان داد دو سازه ایجاد فرصت‌های جدید و ایجاد محیط نوآور می‌توانند 40 درصد از تغییرات نیّت کارآفرینی را در آینده پیش‌بینی کنند.

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