واکاوی عوامل مؤثر بر نگرش کشاورزان نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش توصیفی – همبستگی حاضر واکاوی عوامل مؤثر بر نگرش کشاورزان شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک می‌باشد. جامعه آماری مورد مطالعه را تمامی کشاورزان شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب(13910=N)، تشکیل دادند. حجم نمونه با استفاده از جدول بارتلت و همکاران (2001)، 370 نفر تعیین و از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی‌طبقه‌ای، استفاده شد. ابزار مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه بود. یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که کشاورزان شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب نگرش متوسطی نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک دارند(میانگین= 6/3 از 5 و انحراف معیار= 8/0). نتایج حاصل از تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم‌افزار AMOS نیز نشان داد که متغیر درآمد کشاورزان(78/0=β)، بیش‌ترین تأثیر را بر نگرش کشاورزان شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک، داراست. پس از آن نیز متغیرهایی چون شرکت در کلاس‌های ترویجی مرتبط با کشاورزی ارگانیک(55/0=β)، میزان دسترسی کشاورزان به کانال‌های ارتباطی(42/0=β)، دانش و آگاهی کشاورزان نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک(35/0=β)، میزان حمایت‌های اقتصادی و فنی دولت(32/0=β) و وضعیت بازار محصولات ارگانیک(19/0=β)، بیش‌ترین تأثیر را بر کشاورزان شهرستان اسلام آباد غرب نسبت به کشاورزی ارگانیک، دارا هستند و به ترتیب در اولویت‌های بعدی این تأثیر قرار می‌گیرند.

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