عوامل موثر بر قصد پذیرش فناوری انرژی های تجدیدپذیر در میان کشاورزان در شهرستان لارستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته‌ی کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی1، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت ترویج و توسعه فناوری انرژی های تجدیدپذیردر دنیای امروز، تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل موثر بر قصد پذیرش فناوری­ انرژی های تجدیدپذیر توسط کشاورزان در شهرستان لارستان استان فارس انجام شده است. برای تحقق این هدف ابتدا با استفاده از مرور منابع کتابخانه‌ای و اسنادی اقدام به استخراج عوامل موثر بر قصد پذیرش شده است  و سپس جهت تعیین روایی، پرسشنامه در اختیار پنلی از متخصصان ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس قرار گرفت و به منظور سنجش پایایی  ابزار تحقیق، تعداد 30 نسخه از پرسشنامه در شهرستان گراش استان فارس تکمیل گردید و سپس برای بخشهای مختلف پرسشنامه­های تکمیل شده، ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شد که نتایج نشان داد که پرسشنامه از پایایی خوبی برخوردار است. این تحقیق به لحاظ هدف از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی، از لحاظ میزان کنترل متغیرها غیرآزمایشی و از نظر تحلیل داده­ها توصیفی-همبستگی، مبتنی بر مدل معادلات ساختاری می­باشد. جامعه آماری شامل 2501 نفر از کشاورزان در شهرستان لارستان می­باشد. برای نمونه­گیری از روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای با انتساب متناسب استفاده شد و حجم نمونه با توجه به جدول کرجسی و مورگان (331=n) تعیین گردید. نتایج به دست آمده از یافته­ها نشان داد که در میان متغیرهای مورد مطالعه، به ترتیب نگرش، درک سودمندی، خودکارآمدی، اعتماد به فناوری، درک سهولت استفاده، اثر اجتماعی، آگاهی و شرایط تسهیل بیشترین تاثیر را بر قصد پذیرش فناوری­ انرژی های تجدیدپذیر توسط کشاورزان داشتند و میزان قصد پذیرش 83 درصد از کشاورزان در محدوده­ی خوب قرار داشت.

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