ضایعات مواد غذایی خانوار و عوامل مؤثر بر آن در شهرستان نجف‌آباد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت توسعه روستایی- دانشکده کشاورزی- دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و توسعه کشاورزی،‌دانشکده کشاورزی یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

چکیده

پیمایش حاضر با هدف بررسی ضایعات مواد غذایی خانوار و عوامل مؤثر بر آن صورت پذیرفت. جامعه­ آماری پژوهش شامل خانوارهای ساکن در بخش مرکزی شهرستان نجف­آباد بودند که بر اساس جدول تعیین حجم نمونه بارتلت و همکاران، 405 خانوار به عنوان نمونه پژوهش تعیین و از طریق نمونه‏گیری طبقه‏ای گزینش شدند. در هر خانوار نمونه، فردی در دامنۀ سنی 15 تا 64 سال که مسئول حداقل نیمی از پخت و پز، خرید و مدیریت منزل بود در فرایند تحقیق شرکت داده­شد. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها، پرسش­نامه­ای محقق ساخته بود که روایی صوری آن توسط پانلی از متخصصان تأیید و پایایی آن نیز با انجام مطالعه­ای پیش­آهنگ و محاسبه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (60/0 تا 79/0)، به­دست آمد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل خوشه­ای نشان داد خانوارهای مورد مطالعه براساس میزان ضایعات غذایی به سه دستۀ‏ مسرف، خانوار با ضایعات غذایی متوسط، و صرفه‏جو قابل تفکیک­اند. فزون­ بر آن، نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله‏مراتبی نشان داد، متغیر آگاهی اثر افزایشی و متغیرهای هنجار اجتماعی، نگرش به ضایعات، دانش کاهش ضایعات، مهارت کاهش ضایعات، وجود زیرساخت، و داشتن برنامه زمانی اثر کاهشی بر میزان ضایعات خانوار داشته و در مجموع، 25 درصد از تغییرات واریانس میزان ضایعات غذایی خانوار را تبیین می­نمایند. 

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