تاثیر ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی بر نگرش و قصد خوداشتغالی جوانان روستایی (موردمطالعه: روستاهای شهرستان اسلام آبادغرب)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار/ دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشگاه تهران / دانشجو

3 دانشجو/ دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

یکی از راهکارهای مهم در جهت توسعه پایدار روستایی توسعه خوداشتغالی در بین جوانان روستایی است. ویژگی­های کارآفرینی، نگرش و قصد از عوامل مؤثر در بروز رفتارهای کارآفرینانه و خوداشتغالی هستند. بنابراین،  آگاهی از سطح ویژگی­های کارآفرینی، نگرش و قصد خوداشتغالی جوانان روستایی و ارتباط آن­ها اهمیت ویژه­ای در برنامه­­های توسعه کارآفرینی و خوداشتغالی در مناطق روستایی دارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف سنجش ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی و بررسی تأثیر آن­ها بر نگرش و قصد خوداشتغالی به­روش پیمایشی انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق را جوانان روستایی شهرستان اسلام­آباد غرب تشکیل دادند که 200 نفر از آنان به­صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه­­ای بود که روایی صوری آن براساس نظر کارشناسان بررسی و تأیید گردید و به­منظور بررسی پایایی آن، از شاخص پایایی ترکیبی استفاده شد. روش غالب داده­پردازی مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری مبتنی بر کوواریانس بود که نتیجه مدل برازش­یافته نشان داد که وجود ویژگی­های کارآفرینانه بر نگرش و قصد خوداشتغالی جوانان روستایی شهرستان اسلام­آباد غرب اثر مثبت و معنی‌داری دارد و نگرش و قصد خوداشتغالی تحت تأثیر ویژگی­های کارآفرینانه فردی هستند.

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