ادراک کشاورزان از پدیده گرد و غبار: مورد مطالعه شهرستان آبادان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان

2 دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین

چکیده

بخش کشاورزی یکی از مهم‌ترین بخش‌های اقتصادی در کشور به شمار می‌آید و به شدت به تغییرات محیطی وابسته است. اخیراً وقوع طوفان‌های گرد و غبار یکی از چالش‌هایی است که بخش کشاورزی را تحت تاثیر قرار داده است و بسیاری از پیامدهای آن غیر‌قابل جبران می‌باشد. از آنجا که ادراک کشاورزان نسبت به پدیده گرد و غبار بر نگرش و عملکرد آن‌ها در رسیدگی به این مسأله و چگونگی مقابله با این پدیده تأثیر می‌گذارد، در این پژوهش که به روش کمی ـ کیفی در شهرستان آبادان استان خوزستان انجام گرفت؛ تلاش شده است با استفاده از روش کیو ادراکات کشاورزان نسبت به پدیده گرد و غبار شناسایی شود. در این راستا، پس از بررسی ادبیات تحقیق و انجام مصاحبه با خبرگان آگاه شامل هشت کشاورز و کارشناس کشاورزی، گویه‌های فضای گفتمان استخراج شدند و سپس، از طریق اولویت‌بندی توسط متخصصان، 48 گویه به عنوان نمونه کیو انتخاب شد. این نمونه توسط مشارکت‌کنندگان که از طریق نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند، رتبه‌بندی شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها توسط نرم افزار PQM انجام گرفت و نتایج حاصل از تحقیق نشان داد چهار دیدگاه مختلف یا الگوی ذهنی نسبت به پدیده گرد و غبار در میان مشارکت‌کنندگان وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Barker, J. H. (2008). Q-methodology: An alternative approach to research in nurse education. Nurse Education Toda, 28(8), 917–925.
Barry, J. & Proops, J., (1999). Seeking sustainability discourses with Q methodology. Ecological Economics, 28, 337-345.
Brown, S. R. (1996). Q Methodology and Qualitative research. Qualitative Health Research, 6 (4), 561-567.
Buchani, M. & Fazeli, D. (2011). Environmental challenges and consequences of dust and its consequences in the West country. JournaldoctrinePolicy, 2(3), 125- 145. (In Farsi).
Burns, N. & Grove. SK. (2005). The practice of nursig research: Conduct, Critique, and Utilization (5th ed). Nursing Science Quarterly, 18 (4), 365-366.
Challeshgar, L. (2010). Factors affecting farmers' knowledge and skills in relation to drought: the central part Eghlid county, Fars province. Master Thesis, Agricultural and Natural Resources Ramin University of Khuzestan, Iran. (In Farsi).
Doody, D.G. Kearney, P. Barry, J. Moles, R. & Regan, B. (2009). Evaluation of the Q-method as a method of public participation in the selection of sustainable development indicators. Ecological Indicators, 9, 1129–1137.
Engelstaedter, S., Tagen, I. & Washington, R. (2006). North African dust emissions and transport. Earth- Science Reviews, 79 (1-2), 73-100.
Forouzani,M. Karami,E. Zamani,H. & Rezaei Moghaddam, K. (2013). Agricultural water poverty: Using Q-methodology to understand stakeholders’ perceptions. Journal of Arid Environments, 97, 190-204.
10. Gerivani, H., Lashkaripour, G.R., Ghafoori,M. & Jalali,N. )2011(. The source of dust storm in iran: A case study based on geological information and rainfall data. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences. 6 (1), 297 – 308.
11. Ghadimi, A., Shabanali Fami, h. & Asadi, A. (2012). Study of Effective Factors on attitudes of farmers towards organic farming. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education, 5 (4), 69-80.
12. Ghambar Ali, R., Popzan, A. & Afsharzadeh, N. (2013). Review farmers view about climate change and adaptation strategies (case study the Kermanshah county). Journal of Rural Studies,3 (3), 187- 207. (In Farsi).
13. Goudie, A.S., Middleton, N.J. (2000). Dust storms in south west Asia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, (Supplement), 73–83.
14. Griffin, D.W. (2007). Atmospheric Movement of Microorganisms in Clouds of Desert Dust and Implications for Human Health, Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 20(3), 459-577.
15. Hamdamjo, M., Jafari, R. & Mehrabi, Sh. (2013). Dust crisis and its consequences. The first International Conference on dust haze, management of factors and Consequences, 14- 16 May, 2013, Lorestan University, Iran. (In Farsi).
16. Hua, N.P., Kobayashi, F., Iwasaka, Y., Shi, G.Y. & Naganuma, T. (2007). Detailed identification of desert-originated bacteria carried by Asian dust storms to Japan, Aerobiologia, 23(4), 291-8.
17. Keramat, A., Marivani, B. & Samsami, M. (2011). Climatic change, drought and dust crisis in Iran. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technolog, 57, 10.
18. Kerlinger, F.N. (1986). Foundations of Behavioral Research, third ed. Holt Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth.
19. Khoman, A. (2013). Review of damage caused by dust in the agricultural sector (Case Study: of Khuzestan province). Sepecial Conference on dust haze, monitoring, effects and management strategies, 16 Jul, 2013, Organization Geology and Mineral Exploration Tehran, Iran. (In Farsi).
20. Khoshgoyanfard, A. (2006). Qmethodology. Tehran: Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting. (In Persian).
21. Kwon, H. J., Cho, S. H., Chun, Y., Langarde F. and Pershangen, G.  (2002). Effects of the Asian dust events on daily mortality in Seoul, Korea. Environ., 90, 1–5.
22. Lobell, DB., Burke, MB., Tebaldi, C., Mastrandrea, MD., Falcon, WP. & Naylor, RL. (2008). Prioritizing climate change adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030. Science. 319 (5863), 607–10.
23. Maleki, T., Shahmorady, M., Sahrai, M., Sassani, F. And Zarafshani, K. (2013). Effects of dust phenomena on agriculture In: Sar Pol-e Zahab. management of factors and Consequences, 14- 16 May, 2013, Lorestan University, Iran. (In Persian).
24. Meng, Z., and Zhang, Q. (2007). Damage effects of dust storm PM2.5 on DNA in alveolar macrophages and lung cells of rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45, 1368–1374.
25. Nyong A., Adesina F., & Osman Elasha B. (2007). The Value of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies in the African Sahel. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 787–797.
26. Pope, C. A., Brunett, R. T., Thum, M. J., Calle, E. E., Krewski, D., It, k. and Thurston, G.D. (2002). Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. The Journal of American Medical Association, 287(9), 1132–1141.
27. Porezat, A. & Heydari, A. (2011). Identify and classify the challenges and barriers to commercialization of knowledge by using Q method. Journal ofScience and Technology Policy, 4 (1), 49-69. (In Farsi).
28. Prospero, J.M., Ginoux, P., Torres, O., Nicholson, S.E. & Gill, T.E., (2002). Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the Nimbus 7 total ozone mapping spectrometer absorbing aerosol product. Rev. Geophys, 40, 2–31.
29. Shabanali Fami, H., Ghasemi, J., Amini, Sh. & Saadatzadeh, M. (2010). Review farmers view towards participate in agriculture. Journal ofAgricultural Economics and Development, 24 (4), 404-414. (In Farsi).
30. Sivakumar, M.V.K. (2005) Impacts of Sand/Dust Storms on Agriculture. M.V.K. Sivakumar, R.P. Motha, and H.P. Das (Eds.). Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany. 367p.
31. Stefanski, & Sivakumar, M.V.K. (2006). Impacts of Sand and Dust Storms on Agriculture and Potential Agricultural Applications of a SDSWS, WMO/GEO ExpertMeetingonan International Sandand Dust Storm Warning System IOP Publishing,IOP Conf.Series:Earthand Environmental Science 7 (2009) 012016doi:10.1088/1755-1307/7/1/012016.
32. Raadgever, G.T., Mostert, E., van de Giesen, N.C. (2008). Identification of stakeholder perspectives on future flood management in the Rhine basin using Q methodology. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 12,1097-1109.
33. Raje, F. (2007). Using Q methodology to develop more perceptive insights on transport and social inclusion. Transport Policy, 14 (6), 467–477.
34. Razavian, M. & Koshaki, F. (2012). Geographical source and effects of the dust phenomenon (case study Khuzestan province). The 1st international congress on dust haze and combating its adverse effects, 15-17 February, 2012, Khouzestan Ramin Agriculture & Natural Resources University, Iran. (In Farsi).
35. Rijsberman, F.R. (2006). Water scarcity: fact or fiction? Agricultural Water Management, 80, 5-22 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.001.
36. Taghiyareh, F., Nikraftar, T. & Abasali, Z. (2012). Identification mental models of electronic professor at role didactic in Tehran University: (research on Q-methodology). Journalof Information Technology Management, 4 (12), 23-40.
37. Takemi, T. & Seino, N., )2005(. Dust storms and cyclone tracks over the arid regions in East Asia in spring. Journal of geophysical research, 110, 11-18.
38. Wang, Y., Zhuang, G., Sun, Y & An, Z. (2006). The variation of characteristics and formation mechanisms of aerosols in dust, haze, and clear days in Beijing. Atmospheric Environment. 40: 6579–6591.
39. Xiao,J. & Chang, C. (2009). Dust storm and its causes in northern China. Education Technology and Training, l (1). 555-558.
40. Yazdani, S. & Kiani Rad, A. (2004). Income insurance, a new model of risk management in agriculture products. Journalof Agricultural Economicsand Development, 12 (47), 47- 79. (In Farsi).
41. Zagata, L. (2010). How organic farmers view their own practice: results from the Czech Republic. Agricultural Human, 27, 277-290.
Zongbo, Shi., Longyi Shao, T.P. Jones, & Senlin, Lu. (2005). Microscopy and mineralogy of airborne particles collected during severe dust storm episodes in Beijing, China. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 110, D01303, doi:10.1029/2004JD005073, 20.