بررسی تأثیر دانش روستاییان بر رفتار دفع نهایی پسماندهای کشاورزی (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان قزوین)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، توسعه روستایی دانشگاه زنجان

2 دانشیار- دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی رفتار دفع نهایی پسماندهای کشاورزی خانوارهای روستایی و تأثیر دانش مرتبط با پسماند بر این رفتار در روستاهای شهرستان قزوین صورت گرفت. روش‌شناسی تحقیق از نوع توصیفی و پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق، کلیه خانوارهای روستایی شهرستان قزوین بودند (31338N=) که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، حجم نمونهای برابر با 217 خانواده محاسبه و از طریق روش نمونهگیری چندمرحله‌ای تصادفی انتخاب و مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی محتوایی و ظاهری آن از طریق پانلی از اساتید و کارشناسان صاحبنظر در این زمینه تأیید شد. پایایی ابزار تحقیق نیز از طریق مطالعه مقدماتی بر روی 25 آزمودنی خارج از نمونه مورد مطالعه و محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ برابر با 75/0 برای بخش دانش به‌دست آمد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که دانش روستاییان در خصوص پسماند در حد متوسط به بالا می‌باشد. 15 رفتار دفع نهایی پسماندهای کشاورزی در منطقه توسط روستاییان شناسایی گردید که اکثر این رفتارها نامطلوب بوده و از نظر اقتصادی و محیط زیستی زیان‌بار بودند.  نتایج آزمون کروسکال والیس نشان داد که به‌صورت کلی دانش خانوارهای روستایی بر رفتارهای دفع پسماندهای کشاورزی تأثیرگذار است. پیشنهاد می‌شود که برنامه‌های آموزشی و ترویجی مدیریت صحیح پسماندهای کشاورزی برای خانوارهای روستایی این شهرستان تدوین و اجرا گردد.

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