کاربرد نظریه شغلی اجتماعی در تببین عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل جوانان روستایی پیرامون اشتغال در بخش کشاورزی (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان باغملک)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه

2 دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین

چکیده

کشاورزی، نقش محوری در رشد اقتصادی و توسعه روستایی از طریق ارایه مواد غذایی مورد نیاز و فرصت­های شغلی، در کشورهای توسعه یافته ایفا می­کند. از سوی دیگر، توسعه آینده کشاورزی در هر کشوری متکی به جوانان روستایی است. از این رو، کشاورزی و جوانان نه به طور کاملا جداگانه و یا ناسازگار بلکه مکمل یکدیگرند.هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تمایل جوانان روستایی شهرستان باغملک با استفاده از نظریه شغلی شناختی اجتماعی نسبت به اشتغال در حرفه­ی کشاورزی بود. آزمودنی­های تحقیق شامل 270 نفر از کشاورزان شهرستان باغملک بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری چندمرحله­ای خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع­آوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه­ای بود که روایی صوری آن توسط چند تن از متخصصان تایید گردید و از طریق ضریب آلفا کرونباخ پایایی پرسشنامه مورد تایید قرار گرفت. نتایج آزمون همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که متغیر تمایل با خودکارآمدی، نتیجه انتظارات، درک رفتار دیگران، علاقه و تسهیلات دارای رابطه مثبت و معنی­دار و با متغیر موانع دارای رابطه منفی و معنی­دار است. همچنین، نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که متغیرهای خودکارآمدی، نتیجه انتظارات، درک رفتار دیگران، علاقه و موانع می توانند 74 درصد از واریانس تمایل جوانان نسبت به اشتغال در حرفه ی کشاورزی را پیش بینی کنند. نتایج تحقیق می­تواند به منظور گسترش اشتغال جوانان در بخش کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

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