تحلیل لجیت اثرات ابعاد نوآوری و نگرش بر رفتار زیست محیطی روستاییان استان اردبیل در ارتباط با فناوری‏های حفاظتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ابعاد تخریب محیط­زیست به چنان حجمی رسیده است که بشر امروزی بدون دگرگونی در تفکر و رفتار خویش هرگز قادر نخواهد بود برای مشکلات زیست­محیطی خود، راه­حلی بیابد. رفتار روستاییان در برخورد با منابع پایه، نقش تعیین­کننده­ای در حفاظت از محیط زیست دارد. این پژوهش با هدف تحلیل اثرات ابعاد نوآوری و نگرش بر رفتار زیست­محیطی روستاییان استان اردبیل در ارتباط با فناوری­های حفاظتی در سال 1391 انجام شد. حجم جامعه برابر 109679 خانوار روستایی در استان اردبیل بود. بر اساس فرمول کوکران حجم نمونه 250 خانوار انتخاب و اطلاعات لازم از آن­ها گردآوری شد. این تحقیق توصیفی به شیوه پیمایش و با ابزار پرسشنامه صورت گرفته است. روایی پرسشنامه به وسیله اساتید گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران و پایایی آن از طریق انجام مطالعه راهنما، آزمون آلفای کرونباخ تایید گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‏ها با استفاده از نرم افزارهای SPSS  انجام شد. یافته­ها تحلیل لجیت نشان داد که اکثر روستاییان رفتار زیست­محیطی متوسط رو به پایینی داشتند. همچنین، از بین ابعاد پذیرش نوآوری شامل: "سازگاری، رویت پذیری، آزمون پذیری، مزیت نسبی و پیچیدگی" و نگرش زیست­محیطی، به ترتیب سازگاری، رویت­پذیری، پیچیدگی و نگرش زیست­محیطی بر بروز رفتار زیست محیطی روستاییان تاثیر داشتند.

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