بررسی تاثیر عوامل فردی و محیطی بر تشخیص فرصت‌های کارآفرینی: نقش تعدیلی محیط کارآفرینی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر یکی از مهم‌ترین مباحث تحقیق در حوزه کارآفرینی، تشخیص فرصت می‌باشد. این تحقیق سعی دارد تا با تلفیق هر دو گروه عوامل فردی و محیطی در یک الگوی تحقیق، نقش تعدیلی محیط کارآفرینی بر روابط بین خلاقیت، تجربه کارآفرینی و الگوی نقش کارآفرینی را بررسی نماید. داده‌های پژوهش از طریق پرسشنامه از نمونه‌ای متشکل از 300 دانشجوی کشاورزی در چهار دانشگاه دولتی در غرب کشور جمع‌آوری شد. نتایج حاصل از مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که هر سه متغیر فردی با تشخیص فرصت رابطه معنی‌داری دارند اما قوی‌ترین رابطه بین خلاقیت و تشخیص فرصت وجود داشت. همچنین، نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه تعدیل شده نشان داد که خلاقیت در محیط مناسب کارآفرینی رابطه قوی‌تری با توانایی تشخیص فرصت دانشجویان دارد. این تحقیق هم به ادبیات تشخیص فرصت و هم به نظریه‌های محیط نهادی و ویژگی‌های شخیصتی از طریق نشان دادن نقش تعدیلی محیط کارآفرینی بر رابطه بین خلاقیت و تشخیص فرصت کمک می­کند.

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