چالش‌های نظام ترویج کشاورزی در سازگاری با تغییر اقلیم: دیدگاه کارشناسان کشاورزی استان فارس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

اقلیم در حال تغییر است و پیش‌بینی‌های مختلف نیز حاکی از تسریع روند تغییر اقلیم در آینده می‌باشد. در­صورتی‌که کشاورزان و ساکنان مناطق روستایی از توانایی و ظرفیت مناسب برای رویارویی با ریسک ناشی از تغییر اقلیم برخوردار نباشند، خسارات جبران‌ناپذیری بر پیکره بخش کشاورزی و جامعه روستایی وارد خواهد شد. نظام‌های ترویجی می‌توانند نقش به­سزایی در افزایش سازگاری کشاورزان با تغییر اقلیم داشته باشند. لذا، این پژوهش با هدف شناسایی چالش‌های نظام ترویج کشاورزی در رویارویی با تغییر اقلیم و تبیین مهارت‌های حرفه‌ای مورد نیاز عاملین ترویجی به‌منظور افزایش سازگاری کشاورزان با تغییر اقلیم انجام شده است. بدین‌منظور نسبت به انجام مصاحبه‌های اکتشافی و گروهی متمرکز با 40 تن از کارشناسان ترویجی استان فارس اقدام شد. افزایش نوسانات اقلیمی، انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای، کاهش آب کشاورزی، کاهش مواد آلی خاک، کاهش عملکرد محصولات کشاورزی و ضعف دانش و آگاهی کشاورزان در زمینه تغییر اقلیم از چالش‌های نظام ترویج در رویارویی با پدیده تغییر اقلیم بود، اما محدودیت‌های ساختاری و انسانی ترویج را از سازگاری با تغییر اقلیم باز می‌داشت. این در حالی است که برخورداری عاملین ترویجی از مهارت‌های دانشی- اطلاعاتی، فردی- حرفه‌ای، ارتباطی، اجتماعی- روان‌شناختی و پژوهشگری مناسب نقش بسزایی در افزایش سازگاری کشاورزان با تغییر اقلیم دارد.   

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