تحلیل مؤلفه‌‌های سرمایه اجتماعی در بین دانشجویان کشاورزی با تأکید بر کارآفرینی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استادیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

3 دانشیارگروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 استادیارگروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق تحلیل مؤلفه‌های سرمایه اجتماعی در بین دانشجویان کشاورزی با تأکید بر کارآفرینی بود. این تحقیق به روش پیمایشی انجام شده و از نوع مطالعات، توصیفی ـ همبستگی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق دانشجویان رشته‌های کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس بودند (468N=) که از این تعداد 181 نفر با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای ساده به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه بود که روایی محتوایی آن توسط پانلی از اساتید دانشگاه تربیت مدرس مورد بررسی، اصلاح و تأیید قرار گرفت. مقدار پایایی (آلفای کرونباخ) پرسشنامه پس از انجام پیش آزمون 91/0 به دست آمد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد که سرمایه اجتماعی در این پژوهش از شش مؤلفه شامل: انسجام اجتماعی، ارزش­های اجتماعی ـ فرهنگی، مشارکت اجتماعی، تعامل اجتماعی، آگاهی و شناخت اجتماعی و کارآفرینی تشکیل شده است که این عوامل حدود 60 درصد از تغییرات سرمایه اجتماعی را تبیین می‌کنند در این بین، به ترتیب مؤلفه‌های انسجام اجتماعی و کارآفرینی بیش‌ترین (41/13 درصد) و کمترین (33/4 درصد) مقدار واریانس تبیین شده سرمایه اجتماعی را به خود اختصاص دادند.

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