بررسی نقش عوامل اجتماعی و روانشناختی بر توانمندسازی زنان روستایی سرپرست خانوار تحت پوشش کمیته امداد (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان عباس آباد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

امروزه توانمندسازی زنان روستایی و به خصوص زنان سرپرست خانوار روستایی، به عنوان یکی از عناصر حیاتی در تلاش­های توسعه ضرورتی انکارناپذیر است. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی نقش عوامل اجتماعی و روانشناختی موثر  بر توانمندسازی زنان روستایی سرپرست خانوار انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق 400 نفر از زنان روستایی سرپرست خانوار تحت پوشش کمیته امداد امام خمینی (ره) بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری کاملاً تصادفی 208 نفر به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه استفاده گردید. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه با نظر اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه زنجان مورد تایید قرار گرفت. به منظور تعیین قابلیت اعتماد ابزار تحقیق پیش‌آزمون انجام شد که مقدار آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شده برای مقیاس­های اصلی پرسشنامه در حد مناسب (در دامنه بین 82/0 تا 90/0) به دست آمد. داده­های گردآوری شده با استفاده از تکنیک چند متغیره مدل­سازی معادلات ساختاری تجزیه و تحلیل گردید. نتایج به دست آمده از برآورد مدل ساختاری مستقیم تحقیق نشان داد که رابطه مثبت و معنی­داری بین عوامل روانشناختی و اجتماعی با توانمند­سازی زنان روستایی سرپرست خانوار وجود دارد. بنابراین، تقویت و توسعه آموزش در ابعاد روانی و اجتماعی در جهت ارتقای سطح توانمندی زنان سرپرست خانوار پیشنهاد می­شود.

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