بررسی سطح رضایت روستاییان دامدار از فعالیت‌های آموزشی- ترویجی سازمان جهادکشاورزی استان قم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی مرکز آموزش عالی امام خمینی وزارت جهادکشاورزی

چکیده

«پرورش دام» فعال­ترین و مؤثرترین فعالیت اقتصادی در بخش کشاورزی استان قم، است. از آنجا که برنامه­های آموزشی- ترویجی ابزار اصلی تحقق هدف­های توسعه کشاورزی است، با هدف سنجش رضایت روستاییان دامدار از این برنامه­ها و تعیین راهکارهای بهبود آن­­ها، تحقیق حاضر به روش پیمایشی و با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق کلیه دامداران روستایی شرکت­ کننده در دست کم یک دوره ترویجی مرتبط با امور دامداری بود. یافته­ها نشان ­داد که میزان رضایت روستاییان دامدار از برنامه­­های آموزشی – ترویجی بالاتراز حد متوسط است. بیشترین میزان رضایت از «توان فنی مروجین و کارشناسان ترویج»، «میزان دسترسی به هدف» و «محتوای آموزشی» و کمترین میزان رضایت نیز از «امکانات و شرایط بیرونی»، «میزان مشارکت روستاییان» و«اطلاع­رسانی برنامه­های آموزشی- ترویجی» بود. به علاوه، چهار متغیر سواد، وضع اقتصادی خانواده، میزان مشارکت در برنامه­های آموزشی- ترویجی و محل کسب غالب درآمد زندگی، اختلاف معنی­داری در میزان رضایت آزمودنی­ها ایجاد کرده بود. تحلیل رگرسیونی نشان ­داد که سه متغیر مستقل ” شناخت دامدار نمونه”، ” سطح زمین زراعی” و ” تشویق فرزندان به انتخاب شغل دامداری” تأثیر معنی­داری بر میزان رضایت روستاییان دامدار از برنامه­های آموزشی– ترویجی دارند. مهم­ترین پیشنهادهای تحقیق، افزایش سرمایه­گذاری و ارایه تسهیلات بانکی و نهاده­ای به روستاییان دامدار برای بهبود وضع اقتصادی آن­ها، توسعه سایر فرصت­های شغلی مرتبط با کشاورزی و ارتقای کمیت و کیفیت مشارکت روستاییان دامدار در برنامه­ریزی، اجرا و ارزشیابی برنامه­های ترویجی است.

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