بررسی موانع توسعه بنگاه‌های کوچک و متوسط اقتصادی زودبازده و کارآفرین کشاورزی در استان زنجان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی موانع توسعه بنگاه­های کوچک و متوسط اقتصادی زودبازده و کارآفرین کشاورزی در استان زنجان انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری این تحقیق تمامی مدیران و صاحبان این بنگاه­ها در سطح استان زنجان بودند (354N=) که یک نمونه 220 نفری از آنها با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری طبقه­ای با انتساب متناسب (شهرستان­های مورد مطالعه به عنوان طبقات) انتخاب شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود. روایی پرسشنامه با نظر پانلی از کارشناسان و پژوهشگران در زمینه موضوع مورد پژوهش مورد تایید قرار گرفت. برای تعیین پایایی ابزار تحقیق پیش‌آزمون انجام گرفت که مقدار آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شده برای مقیاس اصلی پرسشنامه 76/0 بود. نتایج به دست آمده از تحلیل عاملی نشان داد که شش عامل سیاسی- زیرساختی (با واریانس 28/17 درصد)، قانونی (با واریانس 79/13 درصد)، مالی- هزینه­ای (با واریانس 35/12 درصد)، مهارتی- آموزشی (با واریانس 78/10 درصد)، فنی- جغرافیایی (با واریانس 35/8 درصد) و ارتباطی- اطلاع­رسانی (با واریانس 14/5 درصد)، در مجموع 69/67 درصد از واریانس کل موانع توسعه بنگاه­های کوچک و متوسط کشاورزی در استان زنجان را تبیین کردند. 

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