برآورد ارزش اقتصادی تفرجگاه‌های طبیعی با استفاده از رویکرد هزینه سفر ( مورد مطالعه: بوستان فاتح)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

چکیده

پارک­های شهری ارزش­های تفرجگاهی مهمی برای گذراندن اوقات فراغت مردم دارند. پارک فاتح در مرکز استان البرز قرار دارد و ارائه­دهندة سطحی از خدمات کیفی برای مردم محسوب می­شود، اما ارزیابی اقتصادی این خدمات با معیارهای عادی بسیار دشوار است و به‌طور عمده با لحاظ‌کردن برخی شاخص­ها، برآورد ارزش اقتصادی آن­ها انجام می­گیرد. در مطالعة حاضر، به‌منظور دستیابی به هدف مذکور، با تکمیل سیصد پرسشنامة کلاوسون در زمان حداکثر گردشگری (تابستان 92) در قالب روش هزینة ­سفر (TCM)، ارزش­گذاری، بررسی و تجزیه و تحلیل منطقة مورد مطالعه انجام گرفت. نتایج بیانگر آن است که ارزش تفرجگاهی باغ فاتح با تخمین تقاضای مکان تفریحی و محاسبة مازاد رفاه مصرف­کننده، معادل 138750000 ریال به‌طور سالانه است که سیاستگذاران و تصمیم­گیرندگان با توجه به این امر می­توانند به حمایت از پارک­های شهری توجه کنند.

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