بررسی راهکارهای توسعة توانمندی‌های کارآفرینانة دانشجویان دوره‌های علمی- کاربردی کشاورزی (مورد مطالعه: مرکز آموزش عالی امام خمینی (ره))

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مرکز آموزش عالی امام خمینی (ره)، موسسه عالی علمی-کاربردی جهاد کشاورزی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

2 مربی مرکز آموزش عالی امام خمینی (ره)، موسسه عالی علمی-کاربردی جهاد کشاورزی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

3 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

4 استادیار دانشکدة کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

مهندسی دوبارة ساختار­های دولتی در کشورهای درحال توسعه برای افزایش قدرت حاکمیتی سازمان­های دولتی و افزایش نقش بخش غیر دولتی در توسعة کشاورزی موجب ظهور ظرفیت­های جدیدی برای کارآفرینان و تعمیق موقعیت ایشان در مدیریت و پیشبرد این تحولات شد. نظام آموزش عالی کشاورزی برای حفظ جایگاه مسئولیتی و بهبود توان تأثیرگذاری خود در توسعة کشور، لازم است با افزایش کیفیت برنامه­ریزی آموزشی در تربیت منابع انسانی کارآفرین گام­های اساسی بردارد. معضلات و چالش­های فراروی مراکز آموزش علمی- کاربردی کشاورزی در تربیت این منابع با توجه به ضعف کارآفرینی دانش­آموختگان این مراکز، شناخت و اجرای راهکارهای توسعة توانمندی­های کارآفرینانة دانشجویان را ضروری کرد. تحقیق حاضر با همین هدف و با روش پیمایشی انجام گرفت. در سال 1391، جامعة آماری دانشجویان کشاورزی درحال تحصیل در آن مرکز 1595 نفر بود که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران حجم نمونه 195 نفر تعیین شد. ابزار سنجش پرسشنامه­ای بود که روایی و پایایی آن تأیید شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد میانگین رتبه­ای تأثیر راهکارهای توسعة توانمندی­های کارآفرینانة دانشجویان بیش از حد متوسط است (53/3 از 5). همچنین، عوامل «ارائة خدمات مشاوره­ای» و «برنامه­ریزی برای بهبود مهارت­های کارآفرینی» به‌ترتیب 48/20 و 47/19 درصد واریانس راهکارها را تبیین می­کنند. در پایان، پیشنهاد شد «تالار ورودی (Corridor) تخصصی مشاورة کسب‌وکار در مراکز آموزش عالی علمی- کاربردی کشاورزی» ایجاد شود. همچنین، «باید برنامه­ریزی جامعی برای بهبود مهارت­های کسب‌وکار و کارآفرینی دانشجویان از طریق تلفیق مباحث کارآفرینی در سرفصل­های دروس فنی و تخصصی رشته­های کشاورزی» صورت گیرد.

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