بررسی عوامل موثر بر امنیت غذایی خانوارهای روستایی (مورد مطالعه: روستای کرناچی، شهرستان کرمانشاه)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

2 دانشجوی دکتری توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

3 کارشناس ارشد توسعة روستایی دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

دسترسی به غذای کافی و مطلوب و سلامت تغذیه­ای از محورهای اصلی توسعه و سلامت هر جامعه است؛ بنابراین در بین اولویت­های اهداف توسعة هر کشور، دستیابی به امنیت غذایی اهمیت ویژه‌ای دارد. هدف اصلی مطالعة حاضر، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر امنیت غذایی خانوار­های روستایی به روش مقطعی و توصیفی-تحلیلی در روستای کرناچی، شهرستان کرمانشاه در سال 1391 بر 100 خانوار بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده­های مربوط به وضعیت اجتماعی- اقتصادی از پرسشنامة اطلاعات عمومی و به‌منظور بررسی وضعیت امنیت غذایی از پرسشنامة استاندارد USDA  استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون کای اسکوئر و رگرسیون لجستیک انجام گرفت. یافته­های پژوهش بیانگر رابطة مثبت و معناداری بین وضعیت اجتماعی و اقتصادی خانوار با امنیت غذایی خانوارهای مورد مطالعه بود، به‌نحوی که رابطة معناداری بین امنیت غذایی خانوار با میزان درآمد ماهیانة خانوار، جایگاه شغلی پدر، وضعیت دارابودن تسهیلات زندگی، سطح سواد مادر و بعد خانوار مشاهده شد. همچنین، براساس نتایج نهایی رگرسیون لجستیک، از میان مجموع متغیرهای مورد مطالعه‌، متغیر جایگاه شغلی پدر خانوار، میزان درآمد و وضعیت دارابودن اقلام زندگی بیشترین تأثیر را در پیشگویی امنیت غذایی خانوار­های مورد مطالعه داشتند.

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