بررسی اثر جهانی‌شدن بر انتشار دی‌اکسید‌کربن در منطقه منا: کاربرد رگرسیون فضایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استاد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

5 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران،کرج، ایران

چکیده

انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن یکی از مؤلفه‌های گرمای جهانی است که امروزه موردتوجه بسیار قرارگرفته است. جهانی‌شدن به‌عنوان یک پدیده فراگیر در جهان جنبه‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی افراد را تحت تأثیر قرار داده است. ازاین‌رو، با توجه به این‌که جهانی‌شدن و افزایش سهم کشورها در شبکه تجارت جهانی نیازمند فعالیت‌های گسترده اقتصادی و تولیدی است، تردیدهایی درباره اثر جهانی‌شدن بر انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن وجود دارد. با توجه به نبود اجماع در این حوزه، پژوهش حاضر به دنبال پاسخ به این پرسش است که آیا جهانی‌شدن موجب افزایش انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن می‌شود یا اینکه کاهش آن را به­دنبال دارد. به‌منظور دستیابی به این هدف، از الگوی پانل فضایی استفاده ‌شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که جهانی‌شدن اثری مثبت و معنی‌دار بر انتشار گاز دی‌اکسید کربن در منطقه منا دارد. به­عبارتی، روند رو به رشد جهانی شدن اقتصاد موجب انتشار بیشتر دی‌اکسید کربن شده است. همچنین، به­دلیل وجود رابطه فضایی میان کشورهای منطقه منا، پیشنهاد می‌شود کشورها جهت کاهش آثار مخرب فعالیت­های اقتصادی اقدام به همکاری بیشتر و سیاست‌های مشترک در این زمینه کنند. 

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