بررسی تأثیر ابعاد سرمایه انسانی بر بهره‌وری واحدهای پرورش مرغ گوشتی (موردمطالعه: شهرستان اردبیل)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

انسان­ها مولد ثروت هستند، مشروط بر این­که جزء سرمایه­ انسـانی محسوب شوند. اساس نظریه سرمایه­ انسانی این است که علت تفاوت­های درآمدی افراد به خـاطر اختلاف در میزان بهره­وری آن­ها است. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر ابعاد سرمایه انسانی بر بهره­وری واحدهای پرورش مرغ گوشتی است. این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی و جامعه موردمطالعه تعداد 105 واحد پرورش مرغ گوشتی در شهرستان اردبیل است. بر اساس تمایل به همکاری و امکان انجام مصاحبه تعداد 30 واحد مرغداری پرورش مرغ گوشتی به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری دادها از روش مصاحبه همراه با پرسشنامه استفاده‌شده است. در این پژوهش از پرسش‌نامه بهره‌وری نیروی انسانی هرسی و گلداسمیت (2003) و از پرسش‌نامه بهره‌وری نادری و ماری موتو (2009) بر اساس مقیاس لیکرت استفاده‌شده است. نتایج حاصل از برازش مدل رگرسیون نشان داد، ابعاد سرمایه انسانی بر بهره‌وری واحدهای پرورش مرغ گوشتی تأثیر مثبت و معنا‌داری دارند. در بین ابعاد سرمایه انسانی، بر اساس ضریب بتا بیشترین تأثیر را پیشینه دانشی بر بهره­وری دارد. مقدار ضریب تعیین به‌دست‌آمده مدل نیز بیانگر توانایی مدل در تشریح رفتار متغیر وابسته توسط متغیر مستقل است.

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