بررسی آسیب‌‌پذیری ریسک زنجیره تأمین درکسب‌وکارهای کشاورزی (گلخانه‌داران استان همدان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

2 استادیار و عضو هیئت علمی گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

چکیده

امروزه محققان به بررسی زنجیره تأمین در بخش کشاورزی تأکید ویژه دارند و معتقدند که زنجیره تأمین، عامل کلیدی برای تداوم مزیت رقابتی محصولات تولیدشده کشاورزان در بازار است. بنابراین، هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی آسیب­­پذیری ریسک زنجیره تأمین در کسب­وکارهای کشاورزی (گلخانه­داران) استان همدان بود. پژوهش حاضر، با رویکرد کیفی و به روش تئوری زمینه­ای انجام شد. ابزار پژوهش، مصاحبه­های عمیق نیمه­ساختاریافته بود. با بهره­گیری از روش تئوری زمینه­ای، داده­های حاصل از مصاحبه­های انجام­شده با 14 نفر از گلخانه­داران استان همدان، طی سه مرحله کدگذاری باز (اولیه)، محوری و گزینشی (انتخابی) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. کدهای باز، شامل40 مفهوم و کدهای محوری نیز شامل 49 مقوله عمده بود که در نهایت، به چهار گروه مقوله گزینشی: ریسک تولید محصول، تأمین­ نهاده، توزیع محصول و مشتری در قالب ریسک­های داخلی و خارجی برای هرکدام شناسایی گردید. در این مطالعه، ریسک تولید محصول (ریسک­های داخلی و خارجی) به­عنوان کد محوری در الگوی تئوری زمینه­ای شناسایی شد. بنابراین، با توجه به یافته­های این پژوهش موارد ذیل پیشنهاد می­شود: طراحی رویکرد کاربردی جهت مدیریت ریسک و ارزیابی میزان آسیب­پذیری زنجیره تأمین.

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