Providing a Strategy for Development of Agricultural Corporations in Iran (The Case of South Khorasan Province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Prof., Agricultural Planning, Economic and Rural Development Research Institute (APERDRI), Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof., Agricultural Planning, Economic and Rural Development Research Institute (APERDRI), Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Prof., Rural Development Group, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran


The small size and dispersion of the land and the continuation of fragmentation due to reasons such as the inheritance law are issues that have become widespread since the forties and have been one of the main problems of the agricultural sector to be small and scattered over the past 40 years. Agricultural corporations have succeeded in some areas as a type of land use planning system to assist in land consolidation, and in some cases failed. The main purpose of this research was to identify the weaknesses, strengths, threats and opportunities of establishing agricultural corporations, ranking the problems and obstacles faced by these companies and prioritizing their development strategies in South Khorasan Province. In order to achieve the research goals using quantitative and qualitative method, after analyzing the SWOT analysis approach, prioritizing the challenges and development strategies of agricultural corporations. Given the score of internal factors (points of strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (points of opportunity and threat) that were 2.43 and 2.51 respectively, An appropriate strategy for improving the efficiency of Agricultural corporations, an appropriate strategy, is to review long-term corporate plans based on overcoming internal weaknesses by relying on the use of external opportunities. The most important weaknesses in this matrix, given the advantages offered, are inappropriate location of crop companies that need to be considered when setting up these companies. Agricultural corporations need to focus on aspects of innovation through thought capital while focusing on processable products.


Main Subjects

  1. Abodlahi, M. (1998). Operating systems, comparative studies of agricultural exploitation systems and evaluation of their performance in order to recognize the types and characteristics of optimal and suitable exploitation systems in Iran, Ministry of Agriculture, Deputy Directorate for Utilization Affairs, Office of Operational Design. (In Farsi).
  2. Alexander, W. G. (2009) Cooperation in the European Market Economics, Bombay, Asia
    , 2 (10): 540-549.
  3. Azkia, M. (2003). Special Issue of the First Conference of Agricultural Utilization Systems in Iran, Challenges and Options, Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Promotion Deputy, Office of Studies and Design of Operation Systems, Tehran, Olympic Hotel. (In Farsi)
  4. Bakhshi, M., Ranaie, M., Zamanipour, A & Falsoleiman, M. (2016). Investigating Factors Affecting Shareholders' Satisfaction with the Performance of Agricultural Corporation, Quarterly Journal Rural Development Strategies, 3(1): 127-139. (In Farsi)
  5. Chang, G. C. (2006). National Education Sector Development Plan: A Result-based Planning Handbook. UNESCO.
  6. Falsoleiman, M & Hajipour, M. (2014). Economic and social impacts of agricultural corporations (Sample: Sahlabad Agricultural Company in Nehbandan County), Journal of Geographical Studies of Arid Regions, 3(9,10): 47-66. (In Farsi)
  7. Hajipour, M & Falsoleiman, M. (2014). Investigating the Factors Influencing the Transversal of Agricultural Operating Systems Case Study: Villages of Sahl Abad -Nehbandan Agricultural Co., Journal of Geography and Urban-Regional Planning, 10:39-54. (In Farsi)
  8. Harfst, J., Wirth, P., Lintz, G. & Bieberstein, C. (2010). Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of European Mining Regions (SWOT Report I). Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development (IOER), Dresden, Germany.
  9. Hitt, M., Duane, R. & Hoskisson, R. (2005). Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization. Mason, Ohio: Thomson South-Western.
  10. Jourablu, M & Galini, H. (2003). Agricultural Corporations, Changing Agricultural Operating Systems, Optimal Use of Resources, First Conference of Agricultural Exploitation Systems, Iran, Tehran. (In Farsi)
  11. Kor, A. & Sharifzadeh, M. S. (2016). Analysis of Tobacco Cultivation Problems in Mazandaran Province, Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 47(4): 887-899. (In Farsi)
  12. Lawson, R (2000). Cooperatives and Poor: A Review within the Cooperative Movement,
    Geneva, International Labor Office.
  13. Malayim, Z. (2003). Cooperatives and Rural Poverty: Eight questions answered. Plunket development series, No. 1,Oxford.
  14. Motiee Langerudi, S. H., Rezvani, M. R., Faraji Sbokbar, H & Khajeh Shokuhi, A. (2000). Sustainability Analysis of Farm Farming Utilization Systems and Rural Production Cooperatives (Case study: Aq Qala County), Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 41(3):323-333. (In Farsi)
  15. Naseri, M., Farhadian, H., Abbasi, E & Khosrovani, F. (2015). Role of Agricultural Companies in Improving Membership Empowerment Indicators: A Case Study of Southern South Khorasan Province, Quartly Journal of Rural and Development, 18(2): 39-68. (In Farsi)
  16. Navisani, R. (2004). Farm size and exploitation systems, Journal of Jihad, 262:44-45. (In Farsi)
  17. Razeghi, M., Fami, H. S. & Rezaie, R. (2003). Analysis of Promoting Factors for the Use of Renewable Energies in Peasant Operational Systems in Tafresh County, Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development Research, 44(1):165-173. (In Farsi)
  18. Ulgen, H. & Mirze, S. K. (2004). Strategic Management .Istanbul: Literature Publication.450p.