An Identification of Obstacles and Problems in Formation of Job-Related Learning among Agricultural Students in University of Tehran



This research was conducted to identify problems and obstacles in formation of job-related learning among agricultural students in University of Tehran. It was a descriptive-correlational research. Statistical population of the study consisted of 1103 agricultural students, out of whom 201 students were selected as sample, based on Cochran’s formula. Stratified random sampling technique was employed to reach the respondents for interview. The research instrument consisted of two parts; the first segment being related to demographic characteristics and the second one to job-related learning problems upon which a scale was developed using information gathered from literature review. Validity of the questionnaire was approved by a panel of experts’ judgment and reliability coefficient was calculated for the main scale of the questionnaire using Cronbach's Alpha. The values of alpha amounted to 0.81 indicating that the questionnaire was reliable for data gathering. The results of factor analysis showed that the problems of job-related learning can be classified into five factors including motivation and planning, communication and information, policy making, outreach services as well as environmental. In total, these variables explained 70% of the total variance of “job-related learning problems”, out of which motivation- planning factor was the most important one that influenced job-related most learning among agriculture students.